INDICARE has published the results of its representative consumer survey on digital music and DRM which was conducted in February 2005 in 7 European countries (Germany, UK, Spain, France, Hungary, The Netherlands, and Sweden) with nearly 5,000 Internet users participating. The main results are compiled in a special INDICARE Monitor article in this issue by Nicole Dufft who managed the survey.

We are also happy to announce the first update of the INDICARE State of the art re-port on "digital rights management and consumer acceptability" dealing with new de-velopments since December 2004 and responding to expert comments we have received and published in past INDICARE Monitor issues.

About this issue
In this issue we continue to publish articles dealing with DRM systems in science and libraries. This time the focus covers a case study of one of the big document supply centres, the British Library. Andrew Braid, head of licensing and copyright compliance at the British Library explains the reasons why a DRMs had to be introduced, how it was implemented, how it works and what the current state of experience is. In an e-interview with Tobias Steinke of the Ger-man National Library (Die Deutsche Bibliothek) we explore the area of long-term archiving and the DRM- and copyright matters involved. The third contribution to the focus theme is from Dan Hunter, a professor teaching intellectual property law and cyberlaw at the University of Pennsylvania. He analyses the phenomenon of mass amateurization which means new ways of non-commercial content creation and distribution. This concept is especially interesting as it allows overcoming the simple dichotomy between legal commercial content on the one side and illegal content of the "darknet" on the other side. There is often an alternative, a third option, and that's amateur content. Hunter argues that DRM systems have to play a role in amateur con-tent.

The remainder of the present issue contains another four articles. Marc Fetscherin, who al-ready presented findings from consumer research in the INDICARE Monitor before, this time shares with us results from his own consumer survey he undertook for his PhD thesis. His find-ings on how technological requirements and usage restriction by DRM systems are perceived by consumers and how this should be taken into account in business strategies arouse interest in the thesis. Danny Vogeley who worked for INDICARE when he was at Berlecon as an intern made us aware already earlier of the dynamic field of computer games and the increasing role of DRM systems in this context. This time he introduces us to "massive multiplayer online role-playing games", MMORPG, and developments in these worlds which encourage DRM systems. Last not least, Natali Helberger was present at two relevant events reporting and reflecting about them. One report is on a meeting of the A2K initiative – with A2K meaning "Access to Knowledge" – striving for a new balance between rightsholders and consumers of content giv-ing special attention to the problems of developing countries. In May 2005 the initiative met in London to continue their work on a "Treaty on Access to Knowledge". The second conference Natali attended took place in Seattle, State of Washington, in March 2005. "Is consumer protec-tion an anachronism in the information economy?", was the title. While the spontaneous answer to this question is of course "No", the conference report reveals that consumer protection laws may not always be the best means to achieve this goal.

Some of you will have noticed that the INDICARE Monitor appears this time last Monday in-stead of last Friday of the month as usual. This however is not due to a change in editorial poli-cies, but just to a flu the editor caught. So, my apologies for the delay.

About the author: Knud Böhle is researcher at the Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis (ITAS) at Research Centre Karlsruhe since 1986. Between October 2000 and April 2002 he was visiting scientist at the European Commission's Joint Research Centre in Seville (IPTS). He is specialised in Technology Assessment and Foresight of ICT and has led various projects. Currently he is the editor of the INDICARE Monitor. Contact: + 49 7247 822989,

Status: first posted 30/05/05; included in INDICARE Monitor Vol. 2, No. 3, 30 May 2005; licensed under Creative Commons